Sri Lanka, often referred to as the “Gem Island,” has a rich history of gem mining and trading. The country is renowned for producing a wide variety of precious and semi-precious gemstones, including rubies, sapphires, topaz, and more. The city of Ratnapura, which translates to “City of Gems,” is a key hub for gemstone trading and is famous for its ruby mines.

In Sri Lanka, the process of mining and trading gemstones has been practiced for generations, with skills and techniques passed down through families. Artisans carefully extract gemstones from the earth, cut and polish them to enhance their beauty, and create stunning pieces of jewelry that showcase the natural brilliance of the stones.

Sri Lankan rubies, in particular, are highly prized for their exceptional color and clarity. The deep red hue of Sri Lankan rubies is often referred to as “pigeon’s blood red,” a term that signifies the gemstone’s vivid and desirable color. These rubies are known for their brilliance and durability, making them a popular choice for both collectors and jewelry enthusiasts worldwide.

The gem trade in Sri Lanka contributes significantly to the country’s economy, providing livelihoods for many individuals involved in various aspects of the industry, from mining to cutting and designing jewelry. Sri Lankan rubies continue to captivate gemstone lovers with their beauty and timeless appeal, making them a valuable part of the country’s rich cultural heritage and economic landscape


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